COP25

A summit against the clock under the slogan "Time for Action".

COP25: A summit of people who want to.

The COP25 can be interpreted in many ways, but above all as a Summit of people coming from all over the world to negotiate, protest, ask, shout and demand an end to the senseless escalation of our productive model. Our way of generating energy. Our way of consuming resources. #TimeForAction

All the people who make up Quiero add to that demand. We cannot wait any longer, we do not want to wait any longer. We have the knowledge and resources to reverse the situation we have created. The question is not whether we can do it, the question is whether we want to. #TimeForAction

We have run out of time. Mediocre answers are no longer valid, we need exponential solutions. We need to demand and demand ourselves. We need to leave behind solutions based on the fear of losing and give ourselves body and soul to winning… To the creation of a shared dream. #TimeForAction

At Quiero we are looking for people who are aware that we live in a climate emergency situation and want to put their organizations at the service of change. That’s why, during these days that the Climate Summit is held in Madrid, we will echo those gestures, of those people who want to. Are you one of them? Can you help us locate them? #TimeForAction

Welcome to Madrid.

Our warmest regards

Quiero

Manifiesto COP25

FAQs

What is the COP 25 and how has it come about?

The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the supreme decision-making body of the United Nations Framework Convention (UNFCCC), a treaty that sets out the basic obligations of the 196 nations plus the European Union to combat climate change. COP25 literally means the 25th meeting of the nations or signatory countries to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Who will attend?

The nations which are the member states of the convention. In addition to these nations, at this annual conference representatives of companies, international organizations, interest groups or associations can also participate as observers. The COPs usually bring together thousands of activists to the streets, and through numerous acts of protest, who call for stronger measures to protect the climate.

Along with the COP-25 that will be held in Madrid from the 2nd to the 13th December, other important meetings are also planned in parallel to coincide with the same dates jointly:

  • CMP15 (meeting number 15 of the countries adhered to the Kyoto Protocol).
  • WFS2 (second annual meeting of the countries adhering to the Paris Agreements).WFS2 (second annual meeting of the countries adhering to the Paris Agreements).
  • SBI-51 (51st meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation).
  • And SBSTA-51 (51st meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice).

This year’s Summit being held in Madrid has come about in a somewhat accidental manner. What is already called the "cursed summit", arrives in Madrid after Chile's renunciation to host it due to the serious events that the Latin American country suffers. Nevertheless, and despite the change of scenario, the objectives of a series of high-level political and technical meetings will be maintained at a time when the climate crisis seems to have finally occupied a prominent place not only in the list of citizen concerns but also in the agenda of political parties and institutions.

Chile will continue to hold the presidency of the Summit.

Why do they call it a "cursed summit"?

Brazil was the country that had offered to host the event more than two years ago but, when Jair Bolsonaro won the elections, the country withdrew its offer.

Following Brazil's withdrawal, during the previous climate summit - held in December 2018 in the Polish city of Katowice - Chile offered to host the meeting.

Costa Rica was also willing at the time, although it finally took a step backwards by arguing that it could not bear the cost of this meeting. However, Costa Rica did host the so-called pre-COP in October, a preparatory meeting for the meeting that Chile had to organize this December.

Why is this Summit important?

  • This year's summit is particularly important and will take place within an urgent framework: it constitutes the last meeting to activate the Paris Agreement, conceived as the first binding global pact in defence of the planet's climate, which must be fully in force by January 2020. The COP25 seeks to promote the guarantees and their implementation as each signatory nations measures’ come into effect, and aims to improve their actions to reduce emissions.
  • This COP25 has the challenge of setting in motion mechanisms to limit global warming well below the 2°C average with respect to pre-industrial levels as of next year.
  • The countries that signed the agreement committed to deliver new general national action plans against climate change (NDCs) every 5 years, so it will be in 2020 when they have to provide the next ones, which have to be more ambitious to meet the objective of the agreement.
  • At this COP25, the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, specifically those relating to emissions trading and commerce systems, must be approved.
  • Finally, it is expected that during this Summit there will be a rise in the of number of nations that commit to increasing their plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions, which, at present, are not enough for global warming to remain within manageable limits.

COP25 is expected to be a turning point and a decisive milestone for countries to make more ambitious contributions in 2020 and for the world to reach next year's Glasgow summit (COP26) with its homework done.

What is the Paris Agreement?

The Paris Agreement signed in 2015 at COP21 is the largest binding agreement in the face of the climate crisis. It establishes a global plan of action to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees and to continue efforts so that it does not exceed 1.5 degrees.

This agreement laid the foundations for a transformation towards low-emission development models, with the commitment of the 195 signatory countries. The 195 signatory countries pledged to meet every five years to set more ambitious targets based on scientific criteria, inform other governments and citizens of their progress, and assess progress towards the long-term goal through a robust mechanism of transparency and accountability. The agreement includes commitments on mitigation, adaptation and financing. The agreement also recognizes "the importance of avoiding, minimizing and addressing damages due to the adverse effects of climate change”.

On the other hand, it "recognizes the importance of non-signatory stakeholders: cities and other sub-national administrations, civil society or the private sector".

It entered into force on 4th November 2016 with the deposit of instruments of ratification by some 55 countries representing at least 55 % of global emissions. Three years later, on 4 November 2018, the US announced that it was withdrawing from the agreement.

The History of the Summits

UN climate summits have been held every year since the mid-1990s. The aim of these events, which have over the years gained in importance and media presence, is to align all countries in the fight against global warming.UN climate summits have been held every year since the mid-1990s. The aim of these events, which have over the years gained in importance and media presence, is to align all countries in the fight against global warming.

In 1979, the first World Climate Conference was held in Geneva (Switzerland).. On this occasion, the World Climate Research Programme was launched under the responsibility of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU).

In 1988, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by WMO and UNEP to undertake, at regular intervals, an assessment of the state of knowledge on climate change.

It is this administrative organization that gives rise to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, established at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992.

The first Summit as such took place in Berlin in 1995. Since then, it has been convened annually in different cities in Europe, America, Africa and Asia. Bonn has hosted several summits and multiple meetings on the climate crisis as it is the headquarters of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

One of the most famous Summits was Japan in 1997, which resulted in the Kyoto Protocol. The problem with that agreement, which is still in force, is that the countries bound by that pact to cut their emissions of greenhouse gases - responsible for climate change according to practically all scientists - now account for barely 10% of all those gases. Three of the four major emission culprits - China, the US and India - are not obliged to make such cuts within Kio.

Experts say: 10 keys to COP25.

At Quiero, and within the context of the COP25, we invite four experts to analyse the expectations and challenges that are presented to us at this Summit. These experts were Sara Pizzinato, member of the Board of Trustees of Fundación Renovables; Tom Kucharz, activist of ‘Ecologistas en Acción’ and social researcher; Javier Cortés, director of the Cities Program of the United Nations Global Compact, and José Cristóbal Ferreras, member of FridaysFor Future, who shared their points of view and what is at stake as a society on December 14, when the Summit ends.

These are the 10 main keys pointed out by the experts:

Read more.

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